Know that you should enjoy your cup of coffee now because it could disappear due to climate change. Coffee beans need a certain type of climate to grow. Some of the coffee bean areas in Madagascar and Tanzania are disappearing due to climate change, deforestation and disease. The extinction of wild coffee is certainly a possible outcome.
Arabica beans are now on the endangered species list to be extinct in about 60 years. They did a study on about 124 different beans and found that 60% are threatened with extinction. The extinction of wild coffee is now an extremely high possibility. Over 100 years ago there were coffee beans that didn’t exist at that time.
Currently, the coffee industry is thriving, but in the long term, its health may be at risk. Wild coffee strains contribute stability and diversity while providing a bulwark against disease.
The loss of wild coffee beans will have the greatest impact on smallholder farmers. Most coffee beans are grown in Ethiopia, where Arabica beans are grown.
Researchers have argued that scientists, policy makers, the coffee industry and farmers must come together to protect the future of the coffee industry.